Most researchers reported having pride in their institutions and passion for their work, but spoke of the high personal toll of their environment. Many accepted that pressure and long hours came with the territory. But researchers said that the situation was worsening and that the negative aspects were no longer offset by job security and the ability to work autonomously, flexibly and creatively.
territory 领土；领地；地盘；版图 come / go with the territory 成为必的部分(结果)
autonomous - autonomously 自治的；有自治权的；自主的；有自主权的
Day 2 原文
Consider how life-enhancing — and even life-saving — technologies have failed to be taken up. ‘Vaccine hesitancy’ is more a social phenomenon than a technical one, and the main cause of measles return. Solutions depend not on medical breakthroughs, but on insight from anthropologists, who have done much to understand people’s decisions about whether to vaccinate themselves and their children.
Vaccine adj.牛痘的；预防疫苗的；种痘的 n. 疫苗
vaccinate 美: [‘væksɪ.neɪt] 英: [‘væksɪneɪt] 给…打疫苗
measles 美: [‘miz(ə)lz] 英: [‘miːz(ə)lz] 麻疹
anthropologist 美: [ˌænθrə’pɒlədʒɪst] 英: [ˌænθrə’pɒlədʒɪst] n.人类学家网络人类学者；生态人类学家；人类学家角色
advert美: [‘æd.vɜrt] 英: [‘ædvɜː(r)t] v.留意；提到 n.〈英口〉同“advertisement”
In a 2018 survey by Internet Retailer, shipping charges were cited as the most common reason shoppers abandon their carts, topping the complaint list for nearly a third of respondents, ahead of things like not wanting to create an account and being unsure of the store’s return policy.
retailer 美: [‘ri.teɪlər] 英: [‘riː.teɪlə(r)] n.零售商；零售店
The recently published Build Yourself Happy: The Joy of Lego Play promises that getting hands-on can improve your cognitive skills and allow you to practise mindfulness. For many, it is a reaction to the stresses of modern adult life, a relief from the constant mediation of experience through a screen, and a rare opportunity to be in undisputed charge of things.
mindful mindfulness 留心的；注意的；经心
dispute undisputed 美: [dɪ’spjut] 英: [‘dɪspjuːt] 无可争议的
dubious 美: [‘dubiəs] 英: [‘djuːbiəs] ；半信半疑的
In theory, the U.S. patent system, which gives manufacturers sole rights to a drug formulation for 20 years, should eventually enable other drug producers to bring cheaper versions of the same medication to the market. But companies skirt this by “evergreening” their drugs—adjusting drug formulas slightly, often making gradual improvements, to renew the patent and prevent generics (仿制药) from entering the market.
patent 美: [‘peɪt(ə)nt] 英: [‘pæt(ə)nt] n.专利；专利权；专利证adj.专利(的)；显然；明摆着的
manufacture 美: [.mænjə’fæktʃər] 英: [.mænjʊ’fæktʃə(r)] v.（用机器）大量生产；编造；捏造；产生（一种物质）n.大量制造；批量生产；工业品网络加工；制造业；产品
inadequacy 美: [ɪn’ædəkwəsi] 英: [ɪn’ædɪkwəsi] n.不足；缺陷；不充分；不够 不适当；机能不全；闭锁不全
Much has been written about the trash problem created by the billions of disposable plastic drinking-water bottles sold each year in the U.S. Far less is understood about the contents of those bottles. Bottled water was an $18.5 billion (wholesale) industry in the U.S. in 2017, but under Presidents of both parties, FDA oversight has been lightly staffed.
disposable 美: [dɪ’spoʊzəb(ə)l] 英: [dɪ’spəʊzəb(ə)l] adj.用后即丢弃的；一次性的；可动用的；可自由支配的n. 〈美口〉使用后随即抛掉的东西(尤指容器等)(网络)可任意使用的；抛弃式；一次性使用的
oversight 美: [‘oʊvər.saɪt] 英: [‘əʊvə(r).saɪt] n.疏忽；失察；忽略；负责
lightly staffed = understaffed 人员配备不足
Infrastructure improvement. 基础设施的完善
While it makes sense to be worried about the climate emergency, becoming overwhelmed is counterproductive. The sound advice from psychologists that actions, however small, can help to alleviate feelings of distress and powerlessness echoes the experiences of activists, that “the minute you start doing something, the depression goes away”.
overwhelm 美: [.oʊvər’hwelm] 英: [.əʊvə(r)’welm] v.压倒；淹没；击败
counterproductive 美: [.kaʊntərprə’dʌktɪv] 英: [.kaʊntə(r)prə’dʌktɪv] adj.事与愿违；产生相反效果；适得其反
sound advice 合理建议
distress and powerlessness 痛苦和无力感
Ironically, urbanization is good, even crucial, for the survival of a human-populated planet. Denser cities beat suburban sprawl insofar as they reduce individual carbon footprints. We humans may need exposure to nature, but nature sure as hell doesn’t need exposure to us. The better way forward is to keep living in densely packed places, but use tech and design to weave nature into our indoor world.
ironical ironically 美: 英: adj.反语的；讽刺的；令人啼笑皆非的网络
urbanization 美: [.ɜrbənɪ’zeɪʃ(ə)n] 英: [.ɜː(r)bənaɪ’zeɪʃ(ə)n] n.城市化；使具有城市特点
crucial 美: [‘kruʃ(ə)l] 英: [‘kruːʃ(ə)l] adj.至关重要的；关键性的
survival survive 美: [sər’vaɪv(ə)l] 英: [sə(r)’vaɪv(ə)l] n.生存；存活；幸存；残存物
human-populated planet 人类居住的星球
populate - population - popular(受欢迎的) 美: [‘pɑpjə.leɪt] 英: [‘pɒpjʊleɪt] v.居住于；生活于；构成…的人口；迁移、
dense 美: [dens] 英: [dens] adj.密集的；浓厚的；愚钝的；【摄】高密度的、
suburban 美: [sə’bɜrbən] 英: [sə’bɜː(r)bən] adj.郊区的；城外的；平淡乏味的；呆板的
sprawl 美: [sprɔl] 英: [sprɔːl] n.蔓延；（城市）杂乱无序拓展的地区；随意扩展；蔓延物
insofar as= in so far as 在…方面，在…范围，就…而言
suburban sprawl 城市延伸
sure as hell =surely 当然；确定
weave 美: [wiv] 英: [wiːv] v.织；（用…）编成；编造（故事等）；穿行（以避开障碍）
wholesome 美: [‘hoʊlsəm] 英: [‘həʊls(ə)m] adj.有益健康的；有道德的；
primary - primarily 主要地；根本地
suburb 美: [‘sʌ.bɜrb] 英: [‘sʌbɜː(r)b] n.郊区；城外网络市郊；近郊；郊外
Even the most benign forms of convenience afforded by our devices—like the ability to look something up while reading— can work against attention conservation. Finishing a book or a long article requires focusing for lengthy stretches of time. But according to one study, it takes us about 25 minutes to return to a task once we’ve been interrupted.
benign 美: [bə’naɪn] 英: [bə’naɪn] adj. 善良的；和善的；慈祥的；良性的
Benign tumors 良性肿瘤
malignant 美: [mə’lɪɡnənt] 英: [mə’lɪɡnənt] adj.恶性的；恶意的；恶毒的n.怀恶意的人；【英史】保王
attention conservation 注意力保持/维持注意力
stretch 美: [stretʃ] 英: [stretʃ] v.伸展；延伸；伸出；n弹性；舒展；一片
spell 美: [spel] 英: [spel] n.（持续的）一段时间；（干某事或在某处工作的）一段时间；咒语；符咒v.用字母拼；拼写；拼出；
lengthy 美: [‘leŋθi] 英: [‘leŋθi] adj.很长的；漫长的；冗长
lengthy stretches of time= lengthy stretches
The truth, unfortunately, is that few of us really absorb the information we receive. We filter out what we don’t expect or want to hear, and this tendency doesn’t necessarily improve with age. As a result, leaders simply miss a great deal of the information that’s available—a weakness to which top performers are especially vulnerable because overconfidence so often comes with success.
top performers 优秀的人，高管，领导；
A comes with B = With B comes A 伴随B ,常有A
overconfidence so often comes with success.
The danger of this wireless-driven revolution in convenience goes beyond hacking. Unlike the traditional “Internet of Computers,” which is confined to a digital “virtual” world, the Internet of Things has a direct connection to the physical one. That opens up a disturbing set of questions: What might happen if the computers inside ovens, security cameras or smart cities were turned against us?
be turned against sb : 被操纵与…对立
oven 美: [‘ʌv(ə)n] 英: [‘ʌv(ə)n] n. 烤箱
defect 美: [dɪ’fekt] 英: [dɪ’fekt] n.缺陷；缺点；毛病v.
rebellion 美: [rɪ’beljən] 英: [rɪ’beljən] n.叛乱；反叛；叛逆
Even within mainstream economics, the growth theory is being challenged, and not merely because of a heightened awareness of environmental crisis. In “Good Economics for Hard Times,” two winners of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Economics, Abhijit Banerjee and Esther Duflo, point out that a larger G.D.P. doesn’t necessarily mean a rise in human well-being—especially if it isn’t distributed equitably—and the pursuit of it can sometimes be counterproductive.
orthodoxy 美: [‘ɔrθə.dɑksi] 英: [‘ɔː(r)θə.dɒksi] n.正统观念；普遍接受的观点；正统